عنوان مقاله [English]
Realism is one of the significant turning points in art and especially literature. Narrative literature can be studied from different literary perspectives. Among these, realism seems to play a particularly important role. In fact, various discussions and arguments put forward by critics and theoretician all have emphasized that realistic novels do not ignore the structural essence of the reality and do not take reality for granted. The important role of realistic novels in our society and the fact that they have been influenced by the French realism cannot be denied. Balzac, the French writer and thinker, is a pioneer in realism in literature who has observed different subjects from realistic perspective. In fact, realistic features are quite evident in his works. Persian realistic novel as a new phenomenon has definitely been influenced by both domestic events and Western literature which can be an indicative of the qualitative as well as quantitative influence of the Western literature and especially French realism. In Iran, Jalal Al Ahmad, as one of the most well-known contemporary writers, has been influenced by realism The must research aims at studying the realistic features of 'The Peasants. by Balzac and 'The Cure', dame Eat. by Jalal Al Ahmad.